Innovation Daily

We are celebrating innovators on the occasion of World IP Day (26th April). As they share their story via Inspire to Innovate, this is a space to reminisce and rejoice, remarkable innovations of the past. Let’s take a sneak-peek into technologies that shape our present day experiences.

26 April 1962:

Sun-ionosphere relationship exploration, set in space

Ariel1 Artificial Satellite

Left: Launch of Ariel 1 on a Thor-Delta rocket. Right: Ariel1 in Space

Launched. Ariel1, the first British artificial satellite.
Ariel1 was designed to contribute to the current knowledge of the ionosphere and of sun-ionosphere relationships. The satellite investigated solar ultra violet and X-radiation, and obtained an energy spectrum of primary cosmic rays.

A detailed report can be read here.
Image source: Wikipedia.org, space.co.uk

27 April 2005:

Love at first flight

Airbus A380

Image source: flightglobal.com

First Flight. The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France. The double-deck A380 is the world’s largest commercial aircraft flying today, with capacity to carry 525 passengers in a comfortable three-class configuration, and up to  853 in a single-class configuration.

A special report can be read here.

 

28 April 1906:

Father of modern air-conditioning

First Chiller Machine

Patented. The air-conditioner by Willis Haviland Carrier (1876–1950). When he was just twenty five years old, Carrier devised his first important invention, a system to control heat and humidity for the Sackett-Willhelms Lithographing and Publishing Company in Brooklyn.

 

29 April 2005:

Apple released Tiger!

Mac OS X Tiger

Released. Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger by Apple. Mac OS X are named after big cats, like ‘Jaguar’, ‘Leopard’ and ‘Panther’.

 

30 April 1897:

First elementary particle discovered!

Joseph John Thomson

Announced. The existence of electrons by Joseph John Thomson. He proposed that cathode rays (till then unknown) were streams of particles which are much smaller than atoms and are negatively charged particles which are fundamental parts of every atom.

He called it a corpuscle, meaning a ‘small body’. The electron was the first elementary particle to be discovered.

 

01 May 1840:

Revolutionizing the postal system. 

Rowland Hill and Penny Black

Issued. The first adhesive postage stamp. Sir Rowland Hill, a school teacher and the father of the modern post office was instrumental in introducing the Penny Black and the Penny Post. Penny Black was the first postage stamp.

 

02 May 1887:

Click. Click.

Hannibal Goodwin

Patented. A celluloid photographic film by Hannibal Goodwin.
The credit for the first commercial photographic film goes to John Corbutt, who in 1888, coated sheets of celluloid with photographic emulsion. In 1889, George Eastman produced roll film, designed for a new camera called the Kodak.

 

03 May 1913:

Beginning of Bollywood.

Dadasahep Phalke

Released. D.G. Phalke’s Raja Harishchandra, India’s first feature film. It was a silent movie and ran for twenty minutes.
Dadasaheb Phalke, ‘the father of Indian Cinema’, produced Raja Harishchandra, the first ever Indian full-length feature film in 1913. Among the leading stars was a man named Salunke, the leading lady of the film, as women did not act in movies at that time.

 

04 May 1989:

A close watch on Venus, set in space.

Artist Interpretation, Courtesy: Wikipedia

Launched. The American spacecraft Magellan to Venus. Its main mission was to map Venus using synthetic aperture radar. The probe mapped 99 per cent of the planet’s surface. Through the radar mapping 98 per cent of the surface, it was photographed with very high resolutions.

Venus, the brightest among all the planets, rotates very slowly-243 earth-days , as such its ‘day’ is longer than its ‘year’, which is 224 earth-days.